Understanding Different Civil Engineering Jobs

Large construction projects require services of civil engineers. They help design, construct and maintain different types of structural items like buildings, roads, bridges, dams, airports, railways, sewerage systems and others. civil engineering is one of the oldest professions in the world. Different types of construction projects are completed by the civil engineers.

Extra information about civil engineering
Building Construction and Management

Services of civil engineers are needed to build houses, offices, commercial stores and large buildings. They have to design and build buildings in a safe and efficient way. The goal of building any such structure is not only to provide the functional features but also comply with various other standards, guidelines and requirements. The structure should look good and comply with the local construction laws, rules and regulations. The engineers are also tasked with the operation, maintenance, repairs and refurbishment of the structure during its lifespan. The project owner must get value for money after investing in the building projects.


Geotechnical Engineering

These projects are related to the ground preparation and construction projects. Engineers specialising in this field offer their expertise to prepare the ground for building roads, bridges and other large structures. They have to deal with different types of ground conditions. Their job is to identify the ground type and suggest appropriate solutions so the planned structure can be built successfully at that site. Sometimes they reject a site for a structure based on the ground reports. A large structure can fall, crack or suffer other structural problems if the ground was not prepared properly for its construction. Geotechnical engineers make sure the ground is identified properly and appropriate measures are taken to prevent any future issues.


Structural Engineering

Civil engineers working in the structural industry build large structures like buildings, towers, bridges and dams. They are required to make strong and long-lasting structures by using appropriate structural designs. The design must be safe, economical and sustainable. It should look good and gel well with its surrounding. The engineers have to determine the service life of the structure. Their services are also needed for repairs and maintenance of the structure.


Transport Engineering

Transport engineers have to plan, design and oversee projects related to the transportation sector. They have to build structures related to the road, railway, waterways, and air. All transportation construction projects must comply with the construction and safety standards. The goal here is also to reduce emission and minimise energy use. Environment friendly projects have become a priority in recent times due to increased awareness of the damage caused by the transport industry to the environment. The job of a civil engineer is to build a safe and long-lasting transportation system.


Services of civil engineers are also needed for water projects. They have to design water supply and wastewater systems for homes, buildings, commercial places, industrial places and community projects.